The Herodium is an amazing site rising in the hills east of Bethlehem (Palestine). Built by Herod the Great at the end of the first century BC, it functioned as a palace, a fortress, an eye-in-the-sky, and ultimately a tomb. Efforts to excavate and restore the site have accelerated in the last decade. Here, we pass by a crew cleaning the debris found in the two meter-wide passage between the cylindrical walls encircling the Upper Herodium. Above, tourists listen to an explanation of the site.