Hunks of kneaded clay may be shaped into vessels using a variety of methods. Three methods known in antiquity are hand-shaped (or coil-built, remember rolling clay "snakes" as a kid?), mold-made (clay is pressed into a mold, then removed), or wheel-thrown (seen here). Of the three methods, wheel-thrown methods present the most elegant forms.
Here, traditional Palestinian potters transform lines of rolled clay "blanks" into elaborate symmetrical vessels. Their wheels are powered by electric motors. Of course, in biblical times, the wheel was kicked by the potter to generate the necessary speed. Weighted flywheels helped maintain that speed.
As anyone who has seen this kind a magical artestry at work will tell you, it is mesmerizing to watch.